The InterAlpes project aims at developing transport intermodality for freight crossing the Franco-Italian Alps. To do this, a global approach must be made and existing or programmed transport infrastructures and intermodal equipments must be taken into account (such as the platform at Grenay, east of Lyon), as well as, and above all, the services that are at present the first levers that need to be pushed for developing intermodality.
The InterAlpes project must be completed within a close timescale: between today and the time when the base tunnel is opened, which represents a period of about ten years. Therefore, in a concern for proposing rapidly-operational solutions, the InterAlpes project will, for the most part, propose services that aim at developing intermodality for goods transport.
These reliable, high-performance services concern the three main corridors that form the basis of Franco-Italian relations:
- Lyon region <=> Italy,
- Spain <=> Italy,
- North of France, north of Europe <=> Italy.
These services must combine the different intermodality techniques we know today:
- Rail (in all its forms: traditional, insulated trucks, rolling motorways, combined transport, etc. Innovation could reside in the possibility of combining these different techniques in the same trains for consolidating traffic flows),
- River traffic via the Rhône then rail-traffic via the historical Mont-Cenis corridor;
- Sea-traffic between the centre of Spain and the centre of Italy
At long term, the InterAlpes project will propose three or four turn-key projects for developing goods transport intermodality between France and Italy, and which will be ready to be implemented as early as 2015. These projects will be calibrated from both economical/environmental and legal/organisational points of view.
As well as these turn-key projects, InterAlpes also aims at controlling the flows of goods and passengers crossing the Alps on the basis of comparable Franco-Italian data, in an endeavour to improve public and private players’ capacity of reaction to the different flows and modes of transport.