2. The transalpine transport observatory

C.A.F.I.

Activity N°2 aims at collecting and analysing data on goods and passenger transport across the Franco-Italian border. In this way elements of information on transalpine traffic can be provided for fuelling other project activities and for establishing perspectives of the evolution of transit and reciprocal trade traffic in the Alps and more especially on the Franco-Italian border zone. This dimension is not taken into account by national Observatories. Furthermore, the objective is to meet the requirement for combining different observation systems (each within its scope of competence and possessing its own observation criteria) to have an understanding of traffic flows over the whole frontier and to perpetuate observations made by Regions, Provinces and "Départements" by setting up a permanent unified Franco-Italian Observatory.

The Transalpine Transport Observatory collecting and studying data traffic crossing the Franco-Italian border: whether the activity of observation shall give priority to freight traffic, its cash travelers are the subject of specific analysis, to build progressively a policy of public transport effective along the Franco-Italian border. The Observatory processes information on transalpine traffic, transit and exchange: starting from different observation devices, each with its own scope and own criteria analysis, the Observatory provides an overview of the mobility in the Alpine Franco-Italian . The strengths of the Observatory are based on: a cross-border approach, the quarterly update of the data, the analysis of different sources for the same data, the comparison with the national statistical institutes and European integration in the analysis modes of air and maritime transport.

Methodology

The collection and analysis of data on cross-border flows is set on two levels: the Alps as a whole, with particular reference to the so-called Segment B, which goes from the pass of Ventimiglia to Tarvisio, and the Franco-Italian Alps. As for the Franco-Italian Alps, the Observatory shall take account of all modes of transport and analyzes the flow of goods and passengers across the border, with particular reference to the passes and tunnels of greater interest among those or toll free movement. The methodology chosen is that of the collection of traffic data directly from the emitting structures, on both sides of the border: concessionaires of tunnels and highways, departmental infrastructure, conseils généraux, local authorities and ANAS, companies that organize rail transport, operators of airports and seaports. These data allow analysis of traffic on all the points of the Franco-Italian border.

The surveys of cross-border traffic on the Alpine passes without toll were obtained thanks to the collaboration of local, Italian and French, and Italian National Body of the Roads. For a proper understanding of the data, some reflections were made on the positioning of cameras and turns, the regulations, prohibitions and seasonality.

An interesting comparison is between the numbers of the main road passes a fee, the tunnel of Mont Blanc and Frejus and the crossing of Ventimiglia, with a historical database is now more than twenty-five years. The first quarter of 2013 confirms a downward trend.

Of particular interest is the availability of information about the distribution of heavy vehicles by class of pollutant emissions (the so-called Euro classes n). The comparison on the last years has shown a marked propensity to update the fleet, certainly also supported by a policy of targeted incentives to road transport.

Of particular interest is the availability of information about the distribution of heavy vehicles by class of pollutant emissions (the so-called Euro classes n). The comparison on the last years has shown a marked propensity to update the fleet, certainly also supported by a policy of targeted incentives to road transport.